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Extraction and characterization of nanocellulose from rubber wood


Soo, Choy Yoke (2017) Extraction and characterization of nanocellulose from rubber wood. Undergraduate Final Project Report thesis, Faculty of Earth Science. (Submitted)


Rubber wood (hevea brasiliensis) sawdust is one of the agricultural waste that
have potential in the production of renewable resource such as cellulose and nanocellulose.
Utilization of ionic liquids (ILs) as solvents for cellulose processing has been growing
exponentially because of the unique physiochemical properties and potential to be ecofriendly.
In the present study, 1-buty-3-methylimidazolium (BMIMCl) was used as a
solvent to convert cellulose into nanocellulose. The process is done in two steps, there are
by isolating α-cellulose from rubber wood through a series of chemical treatments (alkali
treatment and bleaching) and converting cellulose into nanocellulose with BMIMCl. The
objectives of this study were to determine the effectiveness of BMIMCl to convert
cellulose into nanocellulose and to study the properties of BMIMCl treated cellulose. To
determine how effective IL treatment is, it was compared to the untreated cellulose. In
term of chemical and structural properties, thermal properties and morphological of
BMIMCl treated cellulose were characterized through the FTIR, XRD, TGA and FESEM
respectively. It is noteworthy that crystallinity and crystallite size of cellulose decreased
after IL treatment. In addition, the thermal stability of BMIMCl treated cellulose
decreased and the pyrolysis residues increased. The results showed that most crystalline
structure of cellulose was destroyed to amorphous structure, and the remained crystalline
structure of cellulose was converted to cellulose II from cellulose I in extracted α-cellulose.
The more amorphous structure of BMIMCl treated cellulose resulting in a decrease in
thermal stability. BMIMCl was effective used to convert cellulose into more amorphous
structure. Results from this work may be potentially applied in various fields such as
textile, drug delivery and enzyme hydrolysis for bio-energy production.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Project Report
Collection Type: Final Year Project
Date: 2017
Call Number: SEB 2017 055
Supervisor: Dr. Asanah bt Radhi
Programme: Bachelor Degree of Applied Science (Materials Technology)
Institution: Faculty of Earth Science
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Earth Sciences
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