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The use of Nd: YAG laser for ablation of dental material


Noorsyazwani Zulkifli and Fatanah M. Suhaimi and Mohammad Khairul Azhar Abdul Razab and Mohamad Suhaimi Jaafar and Norehan Mokhtar (2015) The use of Nd: YAG laser for ablation of dental material. In: 2015 5th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology (ICBET 2015), 10 - 11 March 2015, Seoul, Korea.


The effect of Nd: YAG laser pulses with a wavelength of 1064nm and 3mm of beam diameter on
dental tissue enamel contains an adhesive material (transbond plus self-etching primer) is studied. Laser
provides an ability to accurately deliver a large amount of energy into a confined regions. Additionally, Field
Emission Scanning Microscopy (FESEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) are used to analyze the
physical and chemical characteristics of raw teeth, teeth with an adhesive and teeth after laser irradiation.
Sample was irradiated at 1.5Hz of pulse rate, 200ms of pulse width and 150J cm-2, 200J cm-2, 250J cm-2, and
300J cm-2 of energy fluence. The effects of using multiple settings of fluence are discussed. It is
demonstrated that, the ablation threshold for adhesive materials are much lower than the fluence threshold
laser for enamel and higher with thicker adhesive material. Besides, x-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy
(EDX) analysis of enamel indicates several elements include oxygen, phosphorus, calcium, silicon, and
carbon on raw teeth. Considering the thickness of the transbond plus self-etching primer and the high pulse
Nd: YAG laser, it is demonstrated that the effective ablation is between 250-300J cm-2. In conclusion,
Cynosure Cynergy Nd: YAG laser has high potential in removing dental adhesive material and therefore it
can be used clinically

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Collection Type: Institution
Date: 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nd : YAG laser- Self-etching primer - Field emission scanning microscopy (FESEM) - Energy dispersive x-ray (EDX)
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Agro - Based Industry
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