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Isolation and identification of bacteria from the 2014 flood of Kota Bharu, Malaysia


Pwaveno Huladeino Bamaiyi and Nani Izreen, M.S and Khadijah, M and Nur Eizzati, B.H and Siti-Bainum, C.R and Norysyamimi Farhana, M.K. and Mohd Norfaizul, M.N (2015) Isolation and identification of bacteria from the 2014 flood of Kota Bharu, Malaysia. In: 51th Annual Scientific Conference of The Malaysian Society of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, 03 - 04 March 2015, Grands Seasons Hotel, Kuala Lumpur.


This study was carried out to elucidate the different bacteria present in flood water that affected
different parts of Kota Bharu, Kelantan in December, 2014 and their antibiotic sensitivity. A total of 31
water samples in 50ml sterile containers were collected from 6 locations (5 samples from each of
Taman Bendahara, Kampung Tok Sedang, KB clock roundabout, KB mall area, Tesco mall area and 6
samples from Jalan Kuala Krai) for bacteriological analysis by inoculating into blood agar and nutrient
agar using sterile swabs. Different bacteria were identified from the cultures using colony morphology,
differential/selective media and biochemical tests. Using the method of Flores et al (2009) and
IDENTAX version 1.2 (2013), 38 species of bacteria were elucidated with 47% being zoonotic
pathogens; 29% human pathogens; 13% Animal pathogens; 8% plant pathogens and 3% nonpathogenic
bacteria. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) between the number of bacteria
isolated from the different locations. Antibiotic sensitivity test indicates 78% of tested isolates were
resistant to Penicillin G and Ampicillin; 67% were resistant to Amoxicillin. But, 89% of the tested
isolates were susceptible to Tetracycline. This study indicate that flood waters come with a “cocktail”
of bacteria that are capable of affecting humans, animals, plants and the environment. During floods
human contact with the flood waters should be restricted as much as possible and prophylactic
measures put in place against water and foodborne diseases that are common and rare in the tropics.
Medical practitioners should consider bacterial resistance when prescribing medications during floods.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Collection Type: Institution
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Depositing User: Repository Admin
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 04:27
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 11:15
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