Digital Special Collection Portal

Cooperative social responsibility: the gap model approach and empirical derivation to members’ satisfaction


Naila Aaijaz and Mohamed Dahlan Ibrahim and Siti Sarwani Mohamed Salleh (2012) Cooperative social responsibility: the gap model approach and empirical derivation to members’ satisfaction. In: 18th IBIMA Conference on Innovation and Sustainable Economic Competitive Advantage : From Regional Development to World Economics, 09 - 10 Mei 2012, Hotel Larespark, Istanbul, Turkey.


Purpose - This research is to identify the Koop Guru’s members’ satisfaction magnitude over its CSR
schemes. If this research comes out with a positive result, this may signify the most influential impact of
Koop Guru’s CSR activities or scheme in Kota Bharu Kelantan Malaysia towards its member’s welfare.
Design/methodology/ approach – This study is quantitative in nature using the responses of 30
cooperative customers/ members who answered a survey questionnaire on a face to face basis.
Findings - The results of the study demonstrate how corporate social responsibility (CSR) schemes
influence customer satisfaction and also examine CSR’s impact on membership growth and brand loyalty.
The study’s hypothesized relationships were principally supported, i.e. company’s offerings and
customers/ members expectations are positively associated with members’ satisfaction mediated by
membership growth and loyalty. CSR schemes play an important role in customer/ members satisfaction,
which in turn, influences trust and brand effect.
Research limitations/ implications – While the results are clear and have strong salience to the cooperative
industry in Malaysia, applications of the findings beyond Malaysia should take into account
other factors such as the nature of co-operative industry, the perception, behavior and demographics of
co-operative customers as well as the strategic focus of co-operative toward CSR.
Practical implications – This study provides a set of findings relating to CSR schemes initiatives and
perception of customers/ members satisfaction towards building loyalty and satisfaction.
Originality value – This paper exhibits an empirical derivation of CSR schemes initiatives measured
from customers/ members’ point of view, and is expected to be a benchmark for other cooperatives in
Malaysia to learn about cooperative strategy development and customers/ members’ retention.

Download File / URL

[thumbnail of IBIMA - Paper 1.pdf] Text
IBIMA - Paper 1.pdf

Download (226kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Collection Type: Institution
Date: May 2012
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corporate/ cooperative social responsibility - Customer loyalty - Kelantan - Malaysia - Satisfaction
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Edit Record (Admin Only)

View Item View Item

The Office of Library and Knowledge Management, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, 16300 Bachok, Kelantan.
Digital Special Collection (UMK Repository) supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of