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Potential of cassava root as a raw material for bio composite development


Nurul Husna Baharuddin and Mazlan Mohamed and Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah and Noorhafiza Muhammad and Rozyanty Rahman and Mohd Nazri Omar and Mohd Hazim Mohamad Amini and Mohammad Khairul Azhar Abdul Razab and Zairi Ismael Rizman (2016) Potential of cassava root as a raw material for bio composite development. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (9). pp. 6138-6147. ISSN 1819-6608


In recent years, a lot of researches have done by domestic and foreign scholars to enhance and improve the
development of man-made board production that based on natural fiber and agricultural residues. Due to a worldwide
shortage of forest resources which have been excessive cutting, man-made board production has become one of the
alternative ways to solve wood supply problems. Particle board is a panel product manufactured under pressure from
particles of wood or other ligno-cellulosic materials and an adhesive. In Malaysia, the demand and trend of uses wood
panel product such as particle board is increasing in the market. The purpose of this study is to identify the potential use of
cassava root as a raw material for bio-composite development. In this research, cassava root from different ages (6, 9 and
12 months) were used for production of bonded particle boards by using polyester as a binder. Constant resin content,
temperature, time pressing and pressure were applied during boards’ production. Moisture content, density, water
absorption and thickness swelling test were carried out to determine dimensional stability of the boards while static
bending tests were carried out to assess the mechanical strength of the boards. Particleboard from 12 month cassava root
gave the best results in term of physical and mechanical properties. But, particleboard from 12 month cassava root did not
meet the ANSI/A208.1-1999 standard for general-purpose boards. For this reason, additional research needs to be done on
improving the physical and mechanical properties produced from different ages of the cassava root.

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Item Type: Non-Indexed Article
Collection Type: Institution
Date: May 2016
Journal or Publication Title: ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
ISSN: 1819-6608
Uncontrolled Keywords: bio-composites: composite wood product: mechanical properties: cassava root.
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Earth Sciences
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