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Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi in Ulu Sat forest reserve of Machang District, Kelantan


Norhafizah Md. Zain and Chuah Tse Seng and Mazira Che Mat and Saiful Azman Abdul Rahim (2016) Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi in Ulu Sat forest reserve of Machang District, Kelantan. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 10 (16). pp. 36-44. ISSN 2309-8414


Bakground: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi play crucial role in terrestrial symbiosis and one of the important components in soil microbial community. However, little is known about how soil AM fungal community varies in relation to soil properties in Kelantan. Objective: Therefore, the present study investigated the types and diversity of AM fungi and proper nutrient composition in soil under trees in native forest of Ulu Sat Forest Reserve of Machang, Kelantan. Methods: A total of 60 rhizosphere soil samples were collected from study sites. Then, the rhizospheric soil microfungus was studied using wet-sieving and decanting technique. Findings/results: Based on morphological characteristics, 26 AM fungi species were recorded, representing five genera, viz. Acaulospora (6 species), Glomus (14 species), Scutellospora (4 species). Gigaspora (1 species), Sclerocystis (1 species). Glomus was dominant genus in this study site. The AM fungi spore density ranged from 675 to 3020 per 100 g dry soil (average = 1945) and their species richness ranged from 2-9 (average = 5.20). Shannon–Wiener index was calculated to evaluate the AM fungal diversity and the values of species richness (S) and evenness (E) showed a positive correlation with the value of the biodiversity Index. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the soil physico-chemical properties can have a significant effect on fungal population and diversity. Although tropical rainforests support a high diversity of plants, their associated symbiotic fungi are not as diverse as we had expected, possibly because AM fungi are not specific to their host plant.

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Item Type: Non-Indexed Article
Collection Type: Institution
Date: 28 November 2016
Journal or Publication Title: Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2309-8414
Uncontrolled Keywords: Soil fungi: biological diversity: native forest.
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Agro - Based Industry
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