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Physical, mechanical and morphological studies on bio-composite mixture of oil palm frond and kenaf bast fibers


Razak Wahab and Hashim W. Samsi and Mohd Tarmizi Mustafa and Mazlan Mohamed and Mohd Sukhairi Mat Rasat and Madihan Yusof (2016) Physical, mechanical and morphological studies on bio-composite mixture of oil palm frond and kenaf bast fibers. Journal of Plant Sciences, 11 (1). pp. 22-30. ISSN 1816-4951


The physical, mechanical and morphological properties of bio-composite from a mixture of Oil Palm Fronds (OPF) and Kenaf Bast Fibers
(KBF) are investigated. Urea formaldehyde resin used in cementing the mixtures together. The OPF and KBF were mixed at five different
ratios. Testing for the physical and mechanical properties made by the European EN standards. Testing on the physical properties includes
the density, water absorption, thickness swelling and wettability. Mechanical testing includes static bending for modulus of elasticity and
modulus of rupture, besides internal bonding of the boards, revealed the enhanced values after increasing the resin content. The
morphological studies were conducted using micrographʼs structures obtained by scanning electron microscope used in determining
the distribution of the resin in the boards. The overall results showed that boards with 100% OPF and 50:50% (OPF:KBF) at 14% of resin
content exhibited the highest properties compared to the other boards.

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Item Type: Non-Indexed Article
Collection Type: Institution
Date: 2016
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Plant Sciences
ISSN: 1816-4951
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-composite boards : Urea formaldehyde : Physical properties : Mechanical properties : Morphological properties
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Agro - Based Industry
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