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Allelopathic effects of parthenium weed debris in soil on the emergence and development of rice


O. Biswas, K.P. Paul and S. Ghosh and S.M. Rezaul Karim (2010) Allelopathic effects of parthenium weed debris in soil on the emergence and development of rice. J. Agrofor. Environ, 4 (2). pp. 193-196. ISSN 1995 - 6983


An investigation was made to assess the allelopathic effects of parthenium weed debris (
Parthenium hysterophorus
L.) on the
emergence and seedling development of rice.
Parthenium fresh leaves and plant
s were air
dried for one week in the greenhouse. The cut
samples (4
6 cm) were further dried in an electric oven at 70
C for 3 days. The oven
dried plant samples were then cut into smaller
pieces (0.5
1 cm) and mixed with field soil. Four concentrations o
f weed debris (e.g. 0, 0. 25, 0.5 and 1.0 g dry weight per 100g soil)
were included. Twenty five non
dormant seeds of rice were put on the soil surface of pots. The pots were watered regularly with equal
amount of water.
The number of emerged seedlings was
counted daily up to 12 days of seed placement. Plant height, leaf numbers and
leaf area of rice were measured after 30 days of seed placement.
The dry weight of randomly selected 10 seedlings was recorded after
being dried at 72
C in an electric oven for
seven days.
The weed debris at different concentrations of Parthenium reduced the seed
emergence, plant height, leaf numbers, leaf area and seedling dry weight of rice. Seedling emergence, plant height, leaf numb
er, leaf area,
and dry weight were reduced b
y 25.40%, 20.98%, 20.02%, 33.85% and 22.78% respectively.
Among all the parameters were considered,
leaf area was most affected than other parameters. The inhibitory effects on rice were positively related to the concentratio
n of parthenium weed
debris in

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Non-Indexed Article
Collection Type: Institution
Date: 2010
Journal or Publication Title: J. Agrofor. Environ
ISSN: 1995 - 6983
Uncontrolled Keywords: Allelopathy - Parthenium weed - Rice
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Agro - Based Industry
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