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Picture Capture Rate Index and Activity Pattern of Malayan Sun Bear in State Land Forest, Merapoh, Pahang


Saimeh, Nur Izyan Fathiah (2020) Picture Capture Rate Index and Activity Pattern of Malayan Sun Bear in State Land Forest, Merapoh, Pahang. Final Year Project thesis, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. (Submitted)


According to recent studies, the Malayan sun bear are illegally trade because of it meat and some other part of it body which is very common in traditional Chinese medicine. Local people's information on the status of the species in the wild is undiscovered in Peninsular Malaysia, but the danger of the species trade is well known. As that hunting pressures on the species pushes them closer to extinction, it is important to determine the naive population of Malayan sun bear via picture capture rate index and at the same time to determine activity pattern of the species by the selected approach which is camera trap to ensure the survival of the species. A total of 13 camera traps have been deployed for two months started from August 2019 until October 2019 and each of the stations was determined using random systematic sampling at a distance of 2 km. As the result, seven Malayan sun bears Welarctos malayanus) were successfully captured by image on three stations which is UMK04, UMK10 and UMK11 with total detection of 44 photographic events. Overall, the Picture Capture Rate Index of Malayan sun bears in 13 stations recorded is 1.36 showing the presence of species in the study area. However, the values cannot indicates whether the species high or low density in population as it only focuses solely on determining the naïve population of the species. Moreover, the species are active both daytime (57.14%) and night (42.86%). In brief, understanding about the species among local people needs to be broadened in order to increase public awareness through continuing research.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Project Report
Collection Type: Final Year Project
Date: 2020
Call Number: SEN 2020 030
Supervisor: Dr. Kamarul Ariffin bin Kambali
Programme: Natural Resources Science
Institution: Universiti Malaysia Kelantan
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Earth Sciences
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