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Spatial and temporal changes of urban forest in Jeli, Kelantan


Nur Zubaidah Baharudin (2021) Spatial and temporal changes of urban forest in Jeli, Kelantan. Final Year Project thesis, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. (Submitted)


The diverseness of land use purpose makes the landscape structure and planning are not well managed sustainably. The rapid growth of the residential and commercial areas in a country will affect an area's vegetation and ecosystem. For the time being, Jeli was facing the fact of losing its forest cover that had been a substitute with other purposes such as plantation and development. Therefore, this study was conducted to classify the land-use change of Jeli and analyze the urban forest changes of Jeli in year 1994, 2006 and 2018. In this study, three (3) satellite images of the study area in year 1994, 2006 and 2018 were processed and analyzed by conducting two methods that interconnected with each other; Remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS). The landscape patterns were analyzed using landscape metrics that were calculated by FRAGSTATS software. The analysis showed that the largest patch index (LPI) of Jeli in 2006 is higher, with 66.32% compared to year 1994 (60.86%) and 2018 (65.44%). The mean patch area (MPA) is decreasing throughout the year with 5.96 ha, 4.27 ha and 3.97 ha, respectively. The higher of LPI and increasing of MPS indicating that the patches is become fragmented. Moreover, the Euclidean nearest neighbor (ENN) value increased from year 2006 to year 2018, from 93.91 m to 109.42 m indicating that the distance patches is increased. The ANOVA test conducted within ENN and AREA's value shows that the ENN value of year 1994 is more significant (p<0.05) compared to year 2006 and 2018. Oppositely, the AREA’s value was found significant for year 2006 and 2018. The results show that the green cover class was increased through years due to the changes of land use purpose where the land use such as vegetation and cleared land classes were replaced with green cover class. The outcomes from this study can be used to construct and improve a new and existing landscape planning by the decision-makers, stakeholders and sustainable planners.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Undergraduate Final Project Report
Collection Type: Final Year Project
Date: 2021
Number of Pages: 57
Supervisor: Dr Amal Najihah Muhamad Nor
Programme: Bachelor Applied Science (Sustainable Science)
Institution: Universiti Malaysia Kelantan
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Earth Sciences
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