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Burnout, work engagement, and resilience among Malaysian university academics.


Fairuz A Dilah Rusdi (2019) Burnout, work engagement, and resilience among Malaysian university academics. Doctoral thesis, University of York.


The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between burnout, work engagement, and resilience among Malaysian university academics. A mixed-methods approach was used for this study, in which a total of 681 university academics, included to represent various academic levels, completed a web-based questionnaire. In-depth interviews were also conducted (n = 12) at three-time points through the course of one semester to gain an understanding of participants’ burnout trajectories and to identify any changes to burnout levels during the academic year. All the interview data were analysed thematically. For the quantitative analysis descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, hierarchical multiple regression, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), and structural equation modelling were conducted with SPSS and Mplus. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to evaluate the measurement model for resilience and burnout-engagement in university academics.

A key finding was a significant negative relationship between burnout and resilience, with higher levels of resilience associated with low burnout. There was also a negative relationship between burnout and engagement. Interview data showed that the majority of academics found their job stressful and blamed institutional factors such as a lack of resources, funding cuts, impossible workloads, and rising expectations from management for their burnout episodes. Findings also showed that early career academics suffered the most burnout. This study concludes with a section of potential implications of the findings and the necessary recommendations for future research.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: UMK Etheses
Collection Type: Thesis
Subject Heading: Psychotherapy
Subject Heading: Burnout
Subject Heading: Work engagement
Subject Heading: Resilence
Faculty/Centre/Office: Faculty of Language Studies and Human Development
Depositing User: Pn. Wan Nurjuliana Wan Abd Ghafar
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2022 03:45
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2022 03:45
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